References and Links

Below is a collection of articles, papers, books and website links. If you find any broken links, inaccuracies or you know of other references that may be useful then please let us know via our contact form


  1. Meyer, Roger & Chambers, Robert. R. Jujube Primer & Source Book.California Rare Fruit Growers Inc.
  2. Ashton, Richard. Jujube - The Chinese Date, Third Millennium Publishing, 2007 Available at Amazon
  3. Reich, Lee. Uncommon Fruits Worthy of Attention.. Reading, Mass., Addison-Wesley, 1991. pp 139-146
  4. Lyle, Susanna. Discovering Fruit and Nuts Landlinks Press, 2006
  5. Zhu You Ping, Chinese Materia Medica: Chemistry, Pharmacology & Applications, Taylor & Francis 2004 1st Edition

Scientific Papers

  1. Al-Reza SM, Yoon JI, Kim HJ, Kim JS, Kang SC. "Anti-inflammatory activity of seed essential oil from Zizyphus jujuba", Food Chem Toxicol. 2010 Feb;48(2):639-43. Epub 2009 Nov 26.
  2. Cao JX, Zhang QY, Cui SY, Cui XY, Zhang J, Zhang YH, Bai YJ, Zhao YY. "Hypnotic effect of jujubosides from Semen Ziziphi Spinosae", J. Ethnopharmacol. 2010 Jul 6;130(1):163-6. Epub 2010 Mar 27.
  3. Huang X, Kojima-Yuasa A, Norikura T, Kennedy DO, Hasuma T, Matsui-Yuasa I "Mechanism of the Anti-Cancer Activity of Zizyphus jujuba in HepG2 Cells"Am J Chin Med (2007) 35: 517-32. Volume: 35, Issue: 3(2007) pp. 517-532
  4. Chen CF, Lee JF, Wang D, Shen CY, Shen KL, Lin MH., Water extract of Zizyphus Jujube attenuates ischemia/reperfusion-induced liver injury in rats pp106
  5. Huang X, Kojima-Yuasa A, Xu S, Norikura T, Kennedy DO, Hasuma T, Matsui-Yuasa I,Green tea extract enhances the selective cytotoxic activity of Zizyphus jujuba extracts in HepG2 cells Am J Chin Med. 2008;36(4):729-44
  6. Mahajan RT, Chopda MZ. Phyto-Pharmacology of Ziziphus jujuba Mill- A plant review. Phcog Rev 2009;3:320-9
  7. Park J.H., Lee H.J., Koh S.B., Ban J.Y., Seong Y.H. (2004) Protection of NMDA-induced neuronal cell damage by methanol extract of zizyphi spinosi semen in cultured rat cerebellar granule cells. J Ethnopharmacol., 95(1): 39-45.
  8. Heo H.J., Park Y.J., Suh Y.M., Choi S.J., Kim M.J., Cho H.Y., Chang Y.J., Hong B., Kim H.K., Kim E., Kim C.J., Kim B.G. , Shin D.H. (2003) Effects of oleamide on choline acetyltransferase and cognitive activities. Biosci Biotechnol Biochem., 67(6): 1284-1291.
  9. Vahedi F, Fathi Najafi M, Bozari K, "Evaluation of inhibitory effect and apoptosis induction of Zyzyphus Jujube on tumor cell lines, an in vitro preliminary study", Cytotechnology 2008: Volume 56, Number 2, 105-111
  10. Zhang H, Jiang L, Ye S, Ye Y, Ren F. Systematic evaluation of antioxidant capacities of the ethanolic extract of different tissues of jujube (Ziziphus jujuba Mill.) from China. Food Chem Toxicol. 2010 Jun;48(6):1461-5.
  11. Ying-jun Lu, Jun Zhou, Shao-min Zhang, Heng-yi Zhang, Xiao-xiang Zheng. "Inhibitory effects of jujuboside A on EEG and hippocampal glutamate in hyperactive rat", Journal of Zhejiang University SCIENCE B, ISSN 1673-1581(Print), 1862-1783(Online), Monthly 2005 Vol.6 No.4 P.265~271
  12. Tan Y, Yu R, Pezzuto JM (July 2003). "Betulinic acid-induced programmed cell death in human melanoma cells involves mitogen-activated protein kinase activation". Clinical Cancer Research 9 (7): 2866–75.
  13. Jiang JG, Huang XJ, Chen J. Separation and purification of saponins from Semen Ziziphus jujuba and their sedative and hypnotic effects.. J Pharm Pharmacol. 2007 Aug;59(8):1175-80.
  14. Schmidt ML, Kuzmanoff KL, Ling-Indeck L, Pezzuto JM (October 1997). "Betulinic acid induces apoptosis in human neuroblastoma cell lines". European Journal of Cancer 33 (12): 2007–10
  15. Zhang M, Ning G, Shou C, Lu Y, Hong D, Zheng X.. "Inhibitory effect of jujuboside A on glutamate-mediated excitatory signal pathway in hippocampus", Planta Med. 2003 Aug;69(8):692-5
  16. Jiang JG, Huang XJ, Chen J, Lin QS., "Comparison of the sedative and hypnotic effects of flavonoids, saponins, and polysaccharides extracted from Semen Ziziphus jujube", College of Food, South China University of Technology, Guangzhou 510640, China.
  17. ZHANG Zhong,WU Mao-dong. Protective effect of jujube dates polysaccharide on chemical liver injury in mice and antifatigue effect"; Journal of Nanjing Agricultural University;2006-01
  18. S. Prasanna Kumar, S. Basheeruddin Asdaq, N. Prem Kumar, M. Asad, D. Khajuria; Protective Effect Of Zizyphus Jujuba Fruit Extract Against Paracetamol And Thioacetamide Induced Hepatic Damage In Rats. The Internet Journal of Pharmacology. 2009 Volume 7 Number 1
  19. Jin-Wei Lia, Liu-Ping Fana, Shao-Dong Dingb, Xiao-Lin Dinga, Nutritional composition of five cultivars of chinese jujube, Food Chemistry, Volume 103, Issue 2, 2007, Pages 454-460
  20. Zhao, Q. W. Q., J. Huang, et al. (1995). Effects of oil of Zizyphus jujuba mill seeds on central nervous system of mice. Xi'an Yike Daxue Xuebao 16(4): 432-434. Dep. Pharm., First Affil. Hosp., Xi'an Med. Univ., Xi'an 710061, China

Other Publications

  1. The Health Benefits of Traditional Chinese Plant Medicines .- Weighing the Scientific Evidence, Australian Rural Industries Research and Development Corporation 2007 - pages 133,137
  2. Nutritional data obtained via the U.S. Department of Agriculture, Agricultural Research Service. 2010. USDA National Nutrient Database for Standard Reference, Release 23. Nutrient Data Laboratory Home Page,

Web-based Information

Please report any broken links using the contact form

  1. Medicinal Action and Uses - very comprehensive, from
  2. Health benefits of jujube fruit from
  3. Chinese
  4. Nutritional and general info from The alkaline
  5. Seasonal - brief interview with Roger Meyer
  6. Cultural
  7. Wikipedia article on Vitamin C
  8. Vitamin C article from - Lots of related references here
  9. 10 Super Fruits -
  10. Plants for a future - Edible, medicinal and useful plants
  11. Planet Botanic - Jujube fact sheet
  12. Wikipedia article on Jujubes
  13. Nutrition Data - know what you eat
  14. California Rare Fruit Growers
  15. Rare Fruit Society of South Australia
  16. West Australian Nut & Tree Crop Association - now disbanded but scanned articles of the newsletters still exist Site down last time it was checked
  17. Wikipedia article on Ziziphin
  18. Taste modifying compounds from
  19. Oak Creek Orchard - Home of Richard Ashton who wrote the book in reference [ii]
  20. WANATCA talk by Roger MeyerSite down last time it was checked
  21. General info from Chinatown
  22. - health benefits of Jujubes
  23. A collection of links of Jujube related information from
  24. Bazi - A commercial drink made of various "super fruits" high in antioxidants
  25. Comprehensive article on Zizyphus usage use from the Institute of Traditional Medicine
  26. In-depth review of Chinese herbs containing Triterpene Glycosides - quite technical but also demonstrates the relevance to Traditional Chinese Medicine. Source ITM online.
  27. Medicinal properties of Jujube fruits from
  28. Wikipedia article on Betulinic Acid - an antioxidant found in Jujubes
  29. Profile of herb fruit Ziziphus jujuba from
  30. Health related info from - A herbal sleep supplement containing jujube extracts
  31. Traditional Jujube decoction available online - desbribed as a "natural sleep aid". From
  32. Relationship of Serotonin with the sleep-wake cycle - article from
  33. An article from on Jujubes seeds as a sleep aid
  34. Blog entry from a TCM practioner on sour jujube decoction - from qi
  35. Comparison of Vitamin C content of varius fruits including Jujubes - from
  36. The Shennong Ben Cao Jing - an ancient Chinese medical text, from ITM online
  37. Cure insomnia naturally from

User login